Style Guidelines

Formatting and style

1. Title page

Please insert a page number in the top right corner of every page.
The title page of the document should include the title of the manuscript, author(s) name(s) and affiliation, authors’ contact details, including an e-mail address (see pattern given below). All this should be followed by an abstract of between 150 ~ 200 words and a maximum of 7 keywords.
The Abstract should give clear and concise information about the research. It should answer the following questions about your manuscript:

  • What was done?
  • Why did you do it?
  • What did you find?
  • Why are these findings important and useful?

Therefore, the Abstract is the part of the article in which the author(s) should state the major aim of the research and explain how the study was performed, what the findings were and why they are considered useful and important, and how these findings contribute to future research on the topic.

The rest of the page should be left blank.



[2 spaces]


[2 spaces]

Author’s affiliation
[2 spaces]

Author’s institutional address, incl. e-mail

[2 spaces]

Text of the abstract

[1 space]



[2 spaces, TNR 10, single line spacing]

[AUTHOR’S NAME; Title case, centred]

[2 spaces, TNR 10, single line spacing]

[TNR 12, italics, centred]
[2 spaces, TNR 10, single line spacing]

[TNR 12, centred]

[2 spaces, TNR 10, single line spacing]

[TNR 12, bold, centred]
[TNR 12, italics, justified]

[1 space, TNR 10, single line spacing]

[TNR 12, bold, centred]

2. Page margins and spacing

Use double space throughout the manuscript.

The margins on all four sides of the pages should be set to 2.5 cm.

The first line of every new paragraph should be indented – Paragraph > Indents and spacing > Indentation> First line / 1,27 cm.

3. Typographic conventions

Please, use font type Times New Roman, font size 12 throughout the manuscript.

4. Section and subsection headings

The major headings, subheadings and subtitles should follow the format given below:

1. MAJOR HEARINGS: Bold, Uppercase


1.1. Subheadings: Italics, bold, sentence case [the numbers should not be in italics]


1.1.1. Subtitles: Italics, sentence case [the numbers should not be in italics]


5. Style and spelling

The spelling conventions of the manuscript should comply with the British English rules.

6. Abbreviations

Refrain from using abbreviations and contractions of verb forms. In case you use abbreviations of author’s names, rules, etc. introduce those at the first instance of appearance in the manuscript. Please, refer to the Leipzig Glossing Rules (, if you need to use any interlinear morpheme-by-morpheme glosses.
If you refer to page numbers, please given them in full – e.g. 28-29 or 133-138.

Any abbreviations of technical terms should be given in an endnote.

7. Quotations

Quotations which do not exceed 20 words should be given in double quotation marks in the text of the manuscript. The punctuation has to be put AFTER the closing quotation mark. Double spelling quotation marks should be used except in case when there is a quotation within a quotation.
Longer quotations should be indented in the text of the manuscript (at the left margin) and there should be no quotation marks. The first line of the quotation should not be indented.

The source and the page numbers should be given for all quotations included.

8. Short references in the text

Short references in the text of the manuscript have to be ordered chronologically and follow the format “author – year of publication – page number” or “author – year of publication”.
… the proponents of this view (Leech 1971, Comrie 1976, Huddleston et al. 2002) …
… Dutch uses different past tenses to express a number of aspectual meanings (Bongaart 1999) …
… for arguments for see Bresnan (1982), Pienemann and Kessler (2011: 63-69, 112-115) …
… the study of aspect in Russian (Ferrell 1951, Hamburger 1983, Kazanina & Philips 2006) …
… as stated in Peterson (published online 17 May 2007).

9. Endnotes and footnotes

The number of endnotes and footnotes should be kept to an absolute minimum. Automatic numbering should be used for both endnotes and footnotes.

10. Examples in the text of the manuscript

Examples should be numbered. The numbering should not be indented and has to start exactly at the left margin of the page.

The examples used in the text of the manuscript should be given in small caps and should comply to the following format – e.g. (3a), (6a,b), (8a-f), (1) – (4). In case of examples in the footnotes or endnotes, the numbering should be given using roman numerals – e.g. (i), (ii), (i–iii), etc.

11. Examples from languages other than modern English

Please, apply the Leipzig Glossing Rules at in case of giving examples from languages other than modern English.
Provide a translation below each example in single quotation marks.
The linguistic category labels have to be given in small capitals. An asterisk is used before a linguistically incorrect or unacceptable example. Do not leave a space between the asterisk and the example.

Use the following examples as guidance:

(1) Knigi te na masa -ta
Book, FEM. PL. the, DET. FEM. PL. on table, FEM. SG. the, DET. FEM. SG.
‘The books on the table’


(2) My s Marko poexa-l-I avtobus-om v Peredelkino.
1PL COM Marko go-PST-PL bus-INS ALL Peredelkino.
we with Marko go-PST-PL bus-by to Peredelkino.
we with Marko
‘Marko and I went to Peredelkino by bus’.

(3) (a) *They buyed the car two years ago..
(b) *They buyed not the car two years ago.

12. References

The list of reference should start after the main body of the text or after the appendix (if there is such).  It has to have the heading REFERENCES and should be double spaced throughout. One spare line should be left between the main body of the manuscript and the reference list.

If more than one work of the same author is given in the references, the names of the author need to be typed in full.

The separate entries start with the surname of the author followed by the first name. The name of the author(s) and the year of publication is separated by a full stop.  If there is more than one author or editor of a work, please use (&) and not the word ‘and’.  Please, use the ‘long  hyphen’ when giving the page numbers (e.g. 199 – 244).

If a reference entry is longer than one line, please indent the second line:  Paragraph > Indentation > Special > Hanging > By 0,5 cm.

The following examples will help you get a better idea of the reference style used:


Baten, Kristof, Aafke Buyl, Katja Lochtman & Mieke Van Herreweghe. (eds.). 2015. Theoretical and Methodological Developments in Processability Theory. John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Givón, Talmy. 1993. English Grammar: A Function-Based Introduction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Haznedar, Belma & Elena Gavruseva. 2008. Current Trends in Child Second Language Acquisition: A Generative Perspective. John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Keβler, Jörg-U. (ed.). 1998. Processability Aproaches to Second Language Development and Second Language Learning. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Articles in conference proceedings, edited (conference) volumes and working papers
If more than one article is cited from a single edited volume, a short reference to the volume appears in the article entries (as in the examples below) and the full details of the volume appear in a separate entry.

Danto, Naomi. 2013. Development of the determiner phrase in bilingual first language acquisition: A comparative corpus analysis. In Renaud, Claire, Carla Ghanem, Verónica González & López Kathryn Pruitt. (eds.). Proceedings of the Fortieth Western Conference on Linguistics, 22, 10–24.
Yamaguchi, Yumika. 1998. The early syntactic development in child l2 acquisition: What happens after “canonical order”?. In Keβler, Jörg-U. (ed.), 245–266.

Articles in journals

Dulay, Heidi C. & Martina K. Burt. 1974. Natural sequences in child second language acquisition. Language Learning 24, 37–53.
Dyson, Bronwen. 2009. Processability theory and the role of morphology in English as a second language development: A longitudinal study. Second Language Research 25 (3), 355–376.

Online articles, dissertations, unpublished manuscripts and other types of publication

Asher, Levi. 1994. Review on John Clellan Holmes, This is the Beat Generation, 1952. New York Times Magazine (accessed 29 May 2017).
Hunter, Duncan & Richard Kiely. 2016. The idea as a mechanism in language teacher development. Journal of Second Language Teaching and Research 5(1), 1–25. (accessed 13 June 2017).
Myles, Florence & Caroline Corder. 2017. Formulaic sequence(fs) cannot be an umbrella term in sla: focusing on psycholinguistic fss and their identification. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Published online by Cambridge University Press, 04 December, 2016.
Ogawa, Mutsumi. 2008. The acquisition of English articles by advanced EFL Japanese learners: Analysis based on noun types. Journal of Language and Culture 3, 113–151. (accessed 15 March 2017).
Rucker, Mary Elizabeth. 1959. The literature of the Beat Generation: A study in attitudes. MA dissertation, Atlanta University (USA). (accessed 20 April 2017).

13. Author’s bio and contact details

The short biographical information about the author(s) should appear in a separate file. It should not exceed 100 words and should focus on the main research interests, fields of work, recent publications and contact e-mail address of the author(s).
The author’s contact details should also appear in the same file. They should comply with the following format:
Author’s address: Department, Institution, Full postal address including
post /zip code Town, Country


14. Tables, figures, diagrams and formulas

Tables, figures and diagrams should be numbered. They should be single spaced.
Tables need to be labelled underneath and given a caption – e.g. Table 1. Xxxxxxx (Times New Roman, 11, in italics).

Figures and diagrames need to be labelled underneath and given a caption – e.g. Figure 1. Xxxxxxx; Diagram 1. Xxxxxx (Times New Roman, 11, in italics).  Each table/diagram should be referred to in the text – e.g. ‘as seen in Figure 1’ or ‘see Figure 1’).

Important information: Colour tables, figures and diagrams are not charged for publication in the online version of the Journal. The editors reserve the right to incur Author Charges in case the authors request colour figures in the print versions of the journal.